A Note on the Activities of the Department of Archaeology and Museums, Govt.of.A.P.,Hyderabad
The Department of Archaeology & Museums owes its inception to the erstwhile Government of Hyderabad State in the year 1914 under the stewardship of
Dr.Gulam Yazdani. This Department was having jurisdiction over 16 districts in the former Hyderabad State. In the year 1956, in the reorganization of
States, some districts were transferred to the neighbouring states, leaving 10 districts in the Telangana region. At the time of constitution of the
Department the activities of this Department were confined to the Nizam dominion only.
In Andhra State, there was no separate Department of Archaeology. The Archaeological functions were looked after by the Board of Revenue. After the
formation of the State of A.P in 1956, the former Hyderabad Department of Archaeology was re-designated as the Department of Archaeology which has spread
its activities over Andhra region also. As a result of formation of A.P.State the scope of the Department of Archaeology and Museums has been expanded and
it became as Department of Archaeology & Museums in the year 1960. To cope up with the increased workload Government had sanctioned several posts from
time to time since 1960.
The main function of the Archaeology & Museums Department is to protect and preserve the Archaeological wealth and cultural heritage by scientific and
systematized methodology, for which this Department is having the following branches:
Each branch is headed by a Deputy Director.
This research oriented Department has 6 subordinate offices and 13 museums including the A.P. State Museum at Hyderabad under its control. The main
activities of the Department includes conducting survey and explorations, excavations, preservation of historical monuments and sites, acquisition
of Treasure Troves, sculptures, conservation of protected monuments, epigraphical survey, photo documentation and bring out the departmental
publication on the research works carried out by the department and also maintenance of the Museums all over the State.
The Department is also implementing a centrally sponsored Non-Plan scheme i.e, registration of antiquities under the Antiquities & Art
Treasures Act of 1972 for which the Central Government is funding for maintenance of three Registration Offices and their supporting staff. Further
the Department is also making efforts to protect Archaeological and Architectural significance under A.P. Ancient & Historical Monuments &
Archaeological Sites & Remains Act (A.P. Act VII of 1960) for the posterity. Conservation works are also under taken in a phased manner.
: This branch is headed by a Deputy Director (Tech) assisted by an Assistant Director (Exc) at the Head Quarters and all Subordinate Offices
located in the districts under the supervision of the Director. In conducting exploration, excavations, shifting of sculptures and epigraphical
pillars/ slabs to the nearest museums and also preparation of excavations reports. The programme of village wise survey and preparing directory of
monuments of A.P for each district is being attending by the Assistant Director (Research) who is also under his supervision. Documentation of
monuments, explorations, excavations, photographs attended by the photography sections is also under the control of Deputy Director (Tech).
: It is headed by the Assistant Director (T) (pub) with the help of the Technical Assistant. The branch brings out publications of the Department such as
annual administrative report, excavation report, museum catalogues, Journal of Andhra Historical Research Society, A.P Journal of Archaeology, Epigraphia
Andhrica, Annual Report on Epigraphy and Monographs of Monuments.
: The library at the head quarters is one among the best, which provides very rare, old books on different subjects like History Iconography, Archaeology,
Preservation, Conservation etc, and headed by a Librarian (Gazetted). Every office in the district is having a library for reference on Archaeological
Studies. The main activity of the library is to acquire useful and important, rare reference books, journals, reports by purchase and also maintains the
cataloguing and indexing.
: Photography Branch is headed by Senior Photographer, Photographer, Photo Assistant and Dark Room Boy are the other staff in the branch.
: This branch is headed by the Deputy Director (Epigraphy) under the control of the Director. The main duty of the branch is to conduct epigraphy
survey, collection of estampages deciphering and publishing district volumes and journals of Epigraphia Andhrica with the assistance of Assistant
Director (Epy) and Technical Assistant (Epy).
3. Engineering Branch: This branch is headed by the Deputy Director (Eng) assisted by the Assistant Director (Eng). The main
function of the branch is to conserve the dilapidated structural monuments and excavated on priority. The work of transplantation of temples in the
submersible areas with the guidance of technical branch is also attended by this branch.
Chemical Conservation Branch
: It is headed by the Deputy Director (Archaeological Chemistry) assisted by the Assistant Director (Archl.Chemistry), Chemist and Assistant
Chemist. The activities of this branch are to preserve chemical the antiquities collected through T.Ts and excavations and objects existed in the
museums. Treatment of museum objects, coins, sculptures, Manuscripts, Palm leaves etc and skeletal laboratory is also a part and parcel of the
works attended to by this branch.
: It is headed by the Deputy Director (Museums) assisted by the Assistant Director (Tech) (Museums) and Technical Assistant. This branch deals with
the establishment and maintenance of museums in the districts along with the A.P.State Museum at Hyderabad. It also looks after the Site Museum
establishments. This branch creates awareness among the public regarding the cultural heritage of the Country and State in particular. Acquiring of
Treasure Troves is also its duty.
6. Administrative Branch : This branch is supervised by the Deputy Director (Admin) assisted by Assistant Director (Admin) and he
is in charge of Drawing and Disbursing of Head Quarters besides looking after the administration under the directions of the Director.